Night & Day – Planetary Sect in Astrology


night and day

Published in 1995 by Arhat Publications, this 68 pages booklet is trying to determine the differences when interpreting a diurnal or nocturnal chart.

First we should see the table from page 5 with the diurnal and nocturnal planets. The most diurnal planet is the Sun, then Jupiter and Saturn. Mercury is in the middle, he is not strongly influenced by sect. The nocturnal planets begin with Venus, after that is Mars and the last, the most nocturnal planet is the Moon.


To see the influence of sect we must look at 3 aspects:

  1. If the chart is diurnal or nocturnal and what planets corresponds.
  2. The sect of signs (signs can also be diurnal or nocturnal) and the planets that correspond.
  3. The nature of placement. For example, a planet is placed diurnally when is above the horizon in the daytime or below at night.



The Book of World Horoscopes


world_horoscopes.jpgNicholas Campion, born 4 march 1953 in Bristol, England, is a historian and astrologer who acquired great popularity especially by his studies on mundane astrology. His most appreciated work is "The Book of World Horoscopes" for which he won the 1992 Marc Edmund Jones Award. He also wrote another excellent book "Mundane Astrology" with Charles Harvey and Michael Baigent. The Book of World Horoscopes was first published in 1988, then, revised and reprinted many times. The current edition is from 2004.


Introduction. The national horoscope: astronomy, politics and ritual

In this part the author presents his vision about mundane astrology from which I would like to mark 5 interesting quotes:


1. A short history of the evolution of mundane astrology, pointing out the moment when national charts became the most important instrument:


"Prior to 1939 most mundane prediction proceeded via the simple use of ingress and lunation charts cast for the capital cities of the countries under consideration. […] Mundane astrology met its crisis in 1939 when its leading exponents failed to predict the outbreak of the second world war. Charles Carter was insistent that there would be no war, and in 1936 was quoted to this effect in the London Times. […] Any opinion expressed by him achieved widespread currency and it is likely that he profoundly influenced other astrologers in their erroneous and deeply embarrassing reading of Hitler’s nativity. […] Carter’s own response to his failure was to argue that the national map, or horoscope, should henceforth be dominant in all mundane work. Lunation and ingress map, he decreed, were almost useless unless they showed prominent angular planets."


2. The relation between mundane astrology and the collective mind as is seen from Plato to Jung:


"The concept of a group soul or psyche is well accepted within Platonic tradition, but was given its most recent form by Jung. Essentially Jung argued that any group of people, from married couple through family to nation and the entire human race, has a collective mind which is deeper, and potentially more powerful than, the individual mind. […] Jung’s theory of the collective unconscious, with its archetypes, is essentially a restatement of the Platonic belief that the superior, intangible, Ideal world of Being containing the Ideal Forms (or archetypes), manifests through the material world of Becoming (which we inhabit). The world of Becoming may be seen as a shadow of the world of Being, in which physical reality is shaped by ideas. […] These beliefs are known as Idealist because they elevate consciousness -the realm of ideas- to a position of greater importance than matter."


3. The problem of choosing the right horoscope, the significant moment and the difference between natural and judicial (divinatory) astrology:


"What do horoscopes signify? The question we pose of various national horoscopes should therefore be not "is this the correct horoscope?" but "what is the significance of this horoscope?". What does it signify? The notion of the true and false horoscope is as rigid a straightjacket as the idea that countries have birth charts. If divinatory astrology is a language, dealing with signs, it follows that significance should be the primary means of judging whether a particular horoscope is relevant or not. Firstly, the historical event for which the horoscope is cast should be significant. Secondly the planetary picture within the horoscope should itself be significant. And both historical and astrological significance can only be judged by the mundane astrologers. That is, there is no horoscopic mundane astrology independent of the astrologer’s ability to select, discriminate and judge."


4. How to choose the right time in mundane astrology:


"Around the time that Mundane Astrology was in preparation, I agreed with Michael Baigent’s hypothesis that the "beginning of the period of taking the power" is the critical moment for which a national horoscope should be set, a principle which it seemed, could be applied with apparent simplicity to events such as coups d’etat or revolutions. However, on closer study it became clear that in different circumstances, the middle or the final culmination of the coup could be as critical. The hypothesis shifted in favour of the critical moment being that at which the balance of power passes irrevocably from the old order to the new."


5. The importance of clear, precise sources:


"This book is more that a collection of horoscopes. It is part of an attempt to bring a reconciliation between astrological and historical studies based on equal respect for the practices and assumptions and world view of both. It is part of an investigation into an arcane and neglected item in the historian’s armoury."


National Horoscopes

Here, on 365 pages, are presented 403 national horoscopes, everyone having a brief historical report. Many countries have two or more national horoscopes, corresponding to the important moments of their histo
ry. As the author said, there is no such "birth chart" for a country, but a succession of important/transforming moments.



There is also an important section at the final part of the book, filled with 12 appendixes, where are presented charts for political parties, towns and cities, stock markets, European Union, Euro, conflicts, wars, Medieval Europe, Yalta Conference, Berlin Wall, Hiroshima bombardment, first powered flight, religions eras, discovery of Uranus, Neptune, Pluto, Chiron etc.




Conclusion. It is, obviously, the most comprehensive and trustworthy work to date about national horoscopes. The author presents the horoscopes for several important moments in every country history and even 2-3 horoscopes for the same event, when the precise moment is not sure. He emphasize the aspect of data accuracy and gives detailed references for the horoscopes presented. The book is very well documented, but as he recognised there must be done further research for the countries from Eastern Europe and Latin America. My evaluation is 8,5.

Mundane Astrology

Mundane Astrology – An Introduction to Astrology of Nations and Groups, published for the first time in 1984, is a comprehensive book of 523 pages, written by Michael Baigent, Nicholas Campion and Charles Harvey. Nicholas Campion is also the author of The Book of World Horoscopes and The Practical Astrologer, while Charles Harvey, a former president of the Astrological Association, is the co-author of Working with Astrology.   


The authors start with an invitation to use mundane astrology, named Forward, where mundane astrology is presented as a valuable instrument, with which they successfully predicted major events like the death of Brezhnev from November 1982, the death of Yury Andropov from February 1984, the dissolution of the Soviet Union from 1989, the progress of Spain from the late 80’s, the Pakistan military coup from 6 August 1990 etc. It is quite impressive and succeeds in making the readers interested about the book and anxious to find out how the authors made so many accurate predictions.


Part 1 – The Background

Chapter 1 – The Development of Mundane Astrology from the Babylonians to the Arabs is a very well documented essay about the early history of astrology starting from Mesopotamia through Greece, Egypt, Persia, Italy, until the Arabic world. The specific context of each period and area in which astrology developed is described in detail using plenty of historical, social, political and philosophical arguments. 


Chapter 2 – The History of Mundane Astrology in Europe presents the evolution of astrology, mainly in the medieval era, marked by different periods of ups and downs like the regression from the 5-8 centuries AD caused by the rise of Christianity, the flourishing period from the 16-19 centuries which started in the 8th century in France, in the reign of Charlemagne, or the restrictive period from the 16-19 centuries AD started with the Church Reformation initiated by Luther which created a more and more difficult climate for astrology. The overall conclusion is that astrology played an important role being used by the most important people in almost every period.  


In Chapter 3 – Mundane Astrology and the Collective, Michael Baigent uses the Jungian terms collective unconscious and archetype (pattern of emotional and mental behaviour) to explain the psychology of masses and to give some advices about how a mundane chart can work. His conclusions, after this impressive chapter, are:


"1. The mass can act as an individual. 2. The mass is more fated than an individual. 3. Natal and mundane astrology bear the same relationship to each other as do the individual and the mass – they are at the opposite ends of the same spectrum. 4. A state is a expression of the mass, usually centered about a leadership. 5. The birth time of a state is that point when the new leadership takes power."



In Chapter 4 – The National Horoscope: Mundane Astrology and Political Theory, Nicholas Campion presents different theories used to determine the appropriate time when a state is created and the natal chart can be erected.


Part 2 – The Material

In Chapter 5 – The Great Year the author shows how different cultures computed the Great Year which is the Year of the Universe. The first was the Assyrian Great Year of 12.960.000 years, then the Platonic Great Year of 36.000 years, the Arabic Great Year of 360.000 years, the Indian, European and Precessional year. Different cultures, different techniques. The only thing which is sure is that we won’t find the answer in this life. Let’s pass to the next chapter. 


Chapter 6 – Cycles in Practice

In the first part of the chapter The Concept of Cycles the author explains why cycles hold such an important place in philosophy and astrology. Starting with Plato and finishing with John Addey, the parent of harmonics in astrology, cycles were fundamental to understanding life and time, or, better expressed, the space-time relation. In astrology a conjunction is the beginning of a cycle, a trine is a phase of harmony in the cycle, an opposition represents the fruit which was promised at the beginning. In life a breath is a cycle, night and day are cycles, a year is a cycle, everything is formed by cycles.

Astrological Roots: The Hellenistic Legacy


astrological_roots.jpgJoseph Crane (b. 1954 Brighton, MA) is an American astrologer and psychotherapist who practiced astrology since the late 1980’s and is the co-founder of the Astrology Institute. His main interest is to understand and teach Hellenistic astrology or, even more, "to reformulate modern astrology by using methods from astrology’s traditions". The most significant results of his work are his books: A Practical Guide to Traditional Astrology (1997) and Astrological Roots: the Hellenistic Legacy (2007). The last one is the most comprehensive study about Hellenistic astrology that we have nowadays. 


In the Preface the author gives a beautiful definition for astrology:


"Astrology is one of the great adventures of human civilization and has contributed greatly to people’s lives and to our culture over time. Astrology’s purpose is to use the positions of the planets and stars in the sky to gather information on the individual and on humanity. Astrology is a system that enables us to understand the past, present and the future within a universe full of meaning."


and then starts to criticize modern astrology as being too focused on speculations, too much connected by modern astrologers with different spiritual ideologies like supposed previous lifetimes, Jungian psychology etc., resulting in difficult, fuzzy, confusing interpretations. On the other side traditional astrology, the subject of this book, has clear concepts, gives better results and is easy to apply. He wants to help us reestablish contact with, what he calls "astrology roots".  


Introduction: Astrology then and now

First, Joseph Crane makes a brief incursion in the early evolution of astrology starting from Mesopotamia in 400 BCE until 400 CE when Christianity became a fierce enemy for astrology. Then, he discusses the most important critics regarding astrology: why many astrological predictions do not pass, how the planets can scientifically influence humans, how astrology match with different religious beliefs, why ancient astrologers judgments are fatalistic etc.  


Chapter 1: Astrology’s Bricks and Mortar

The author explains that in ancient astrology the relation between the astrologer and the visible sky was much more important that in modern astrology because now we use computers, software and forget to look at the real picture, on the sky. With this idea in mind, he presents several important matters in traditional astrology like: sect, the seasons and their relation with signs, the whole sign houses system, the planetary joys, triplicities, quadrants and a little piece of practical astrology. About the houses, he mentions that in ancient tradition the houses were not associated with signs (House 1 with Aries, House 2 with Taurus etc.) like in modern astrology. This is a good point to remember. Also, he explains very well the relation between seasons and signs, for example:


"Cancer is the sign that begins with the summer equinox, and the season is hot. Hot increases activity and can also go to extremes of expression. Cancer, however, is a water sign and we tend to think of signs in the water triplicity as sensitive, emotional, and imaginative. Cancer, more than Scorpio and Pisces, has hot qualities of dramatic emotionality. Cancer wears its heart on its sleeve, despite its desire to hide within its shell. Libra, which begins with the autumn equinox, is in the dry season of the year. Dry separates and sees things as distinct. Unlike Gemini and Aquarius, the other signs in the air triplicity, Libra discriminates carefully between it and others, and defines itself by form and protocol. Capricorn is an Earth sign in the cold season. Cold is subdued and self-contained, sometimes brittle. Capricorn’s reticence, sobriety and curmudgeonly qualities are legendary, especially in contrast with the restlessness of Virgo (in the hot and drying time of the year)and the sensuality of Taurus (in the wet and warming time of the year)." 

Exploring Jupiter


Exploring_Jupiter.JPGStephen Arroyo, born October 6, 1946, in Kansas City, Missouri, is an American astrologer who wrote several psychologically oriented astrology books like Astrology, Psychology and the Four Elements (1975), Chart Interpretation Handbook (1990), Astrology, Karma and Transformation (1992), Exploring Jupiter (1996). His astrological views are similar with those of Liz Greene, another representative for modern psychologically oriented astrology, and different in some essential points from what is accepted by traditional astrology, for example he uses non-Ptolemaic aspects (quincunx, semi-sextile etc.), dissociate aspects, which happen when planets are in an aspect but the signs they are placed within are not in the same aspectual relationship, for example, Mars 28 degrees Libra is considered to square Venus 2 degrees Aquarius even the signs are in trine, accepts mutual receptions between planets which are not in a Ptolemaic aspect, considers retrograde planets not to be debilitated, associates sign elements to houses (fire, earth, air, water houses), uses modern planets Uranus, Neptune and Pluto like co-rulers for Aquarius, Pisces, and Scorpio. For his work he was honored in 1992 with the Regulus Award for Theory and Understanding and became one of the best-selling astrology authors.


Understanding Jupiter

In the first three chapters 1. A Framework for Understanding Jupiter, 2. Jupiter in the Birth Charts and 3. Exploring the Jupiterian Personality the author tries to define the characteristics of Jupiter by itself and in relation with other planets and signs. The books starts with the Hermetic theory of the unity between the man-microcosm and macrocosm where Jupiter represents the processes which help us understand our position:


"I cannot help but feel that Jupiter’s bigness and broad vision is inextricably linked to the perennial human search for a large truth and for an experience of oneness with the universe."


Jupiter is also defined in another manner by analyzing the differences between him and opposed planets and signs. The relation Jupiter/Mercury opposes the Mercurian logic, knowledge, concrete, present with the Jupiterian intuition, understanding, abstract, future. The relation Gemini/Sagittarius shows two different mental, intellectual attitudes with Gemini looking for concrete, rational knowledge, having an empirical view and Sagittarius looking for a spiritual, intuitive, holistic knowledge. The author also presents the relations Sagittarius/Virgo, Sagittarius/Pisces, Jupiter/Neptune, Jupiter/Saturn and Jupiter/Venus. Among other interesting ideas he mentions that the Mercurian signs, Virgo and Gemini, tends to demystify life while the Jupiterian signs, Sagittarius and Pisces, tends to mystify life. 


The best analyze between planets I think is the Jupiter/Saturn relation, where the two planets are counterbalancing each other. A strong Saturn will keep Jupiter not to become extreme, arrogant, over-confident, self-indulgent, risking too much, not to rely too much in luck, fate, fortune. Also a good balance between Saturn and Jupiter indicate a good business man. I think this is a good point and the balance between Saturn and Jupiter is an important aspect in the chart. I can say that especially when Jupiter is also in aspect with Mars the person needs a strong Saturn to control the tendency to "push his luck". 


In chapter 2 one can find some useful guidelines for interpreting Jupiter. It is something of this sort:


"A strong Jupiter usually manifests as a hopeful, buoyant, upbeat personality – often quite humorous. Jupiter’s sign often gives a clue to the type of humor. […] Jupiter’s position shows where probable success, prosperity, and rapid development are likely, for it is there that bountiful energy can be experienced and that one has enhanced abilities to express oneself and share with society at large." 


In chapter 3 you’ll find the astrological configurations which can make a person embarrassed to express her Jupiterian attitude: a prominence of Capricorn, Virgo or many planets in water signs. I think this is a very good observation which touches a rare subject in astrological literature.   


In every chapter of this book the reader will observe two fundamental characteristics: quotas from other astrologers and detailed practical examples. Stephen Arroyo uses ideas, opinions, quotes from many authors like Charles Carter, Jeff Mayo, Antony Aveni, Theodore Roszak, Isabelle Pagan, Page Smith, David Humblin, Dane Rudhyar, Tracy Marks, Grant Lewi, Donna Cunningham etc., so you can find other astrologer’s opinion about Jupiter too. The other feature, practical examples of the astrological principles, is made by presenting and analyzing charts of famous people. In this part one can find detailed analyzes (1-3 pages) for George Washington, Winston Churchill, Andrew Carnegie and Paul Mellon (Jupiterian philanthropists), Dale Carnegie and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.  

Saturn – A New Look at an Old Devil


saturn2.jpgLiz Greene (born 4th September 1946 in New Jersey, USA) is an astrologer who became famous after writing several books of psychological astrology like Saturn – A New Look at an Old Devil, The Astrology of Fate, The Luminaries: The Psychology of the Sun and Moon in the Horoscope or The Astrological Neptune and the Quest for Redemption. She is strongly influenced by the Jungian psychology, concepts like personal and collective unconscious, archetype, synchronicity being common in her books. Nowadays she lives in Switzerland and is the director of the Center of Psychological Astrology, an institute she founded in 1983 with Howard Sasportas.  


Her first book, Saturn – A New Look at an Old Devil (1976), is a bestseller still considered in astrology one of the main references about Saturn.

The major innovation is that she doesn’t present Saturn from a fatalistic point of view, but tries to explain the psychological and evolutionary processes generated by his presence.


The first half of the book presents the interpretations for Saturn in signs and houses. There are four chapters named "In the Watery Signs and Houses", "In the Earthy Signs and Houses", "In the Airy Signs and Houses" and "In the Fiery Signs and Houses". As one can see from the title the interpretations for signs and houses are blended in the same chapters and the houses are grouped like watery, earthy, airy and fiery. This is pretty awkward for many astrologers. Also, there are too many connections with mythology, the text is not well structured, often confusing, hard to understand and the explanations seem irrational. Let’s see an example:


"Saturn in the sixth house seems to provide an opportunity – often through frustration, dissapointment, and ill health- for a journey into the mysteries of the interconnexion between mind and body and the possibility of a conscious and deliberate synthesis of these two, the reward of which is good health and a new awareness of the meaning of the body and of the material environment." 


The second half of the book contains two chapters named "Aspects in the Birth Chart" and "In Synastry" where the author presents the interpretations for the aspects of Saturn and other planets in the natal chart and synastry. The text changes and, in contrast with the first part, the observations become reliable, the analyze is subtle, fine and insightful. It seems to be a totally different book. It is a pleasant surprise for the reader. One can find the interpretations for Saturn in relation with the Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn (synastry), Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. The analyze is not divided in separate aspects (conjunction, sextile etc.), just presents the general relation between planets, eventually speaking about good and bad aspects. Every planetary combination made by Saturn is presented detailed, in multiple areas of life. For example, the Saturn – Venus relation is analyzed in relation with marriage, sexuality, the capacity to be happy, the emotional state, the early home life, the rel
ation with parents, the capacity to express and receive affection etc. One can find a various and numerous range of manifestations for every planetary combination. Let’s see a quotation:


"Mercury – Saturn contacts are not productive of the kind of stress and emotional frustration which is more typical of Mars, Venus, or the Moon in aspect to Saturn. Mercury, being symbolic of cold reason and common sense and being inclined toward matters of business or commerce as well as intellectual pursuits, tends to blend agreeably with Saturn regardless of the nature of the aspect. It is fairly obvious why a combination of these two planets should be associated with tact, shrewdness, and diplomacy."




Conclusion. I don’t like the first part where is presented Saturn in signs and houses. My objections are: the analyzes made for signs and houses are very similar (for example, the second house is equated with Taurus etc.), the houses are associated with the four elements (fire, earth, air and water) like signs, there is too much mythology, the text is confusing, not well structured, jumping from one idea to another very easily. A book about Saturn should have a little more structure. I like the second part, the analyze of the relation between Saturn and planets is a very good one. Good, valuable observations can be found in every page. Taking in account the differences between the two parts of the book, I will give 6,5 for the first part and a 9 for the second part. So, the evaluation for the whole book is 7,75.



The Houses Temples of the Sky


houses_temples.jpgDeborah Houlding is a contemporary English astrologer specialized on traditional astrology. She published her only book, The Houses Temples of the Sky, in 1998 and revised it in 2006. If you want to find more about her you can visit her impressive website Skyscript


In the Introduction the author writes about two theories about houses, used in modern astrology: one which equates signs with houses (Aries with the 1st house, Taurus with the 2nd house etc.), the other which presents houses like a psychological wheel. She sustains that those two conceptions are wrong and departs astrologers from the fundamental traditional meaning of houses. In the present book she wants to restore the traditional meaning of houses and the principles behind the houses symbolism, being convinced that:


"Herein lies the key to successful astrology: a confident and unambiguous application of its symbolism."


In Chapter 1 – Introducing Houses: An Historical Overview the author explains when and where took place the first astrological observations (more details here). About the houses, this book’s subject, their first presence in an astrological chart is dated from the year 22 BC in Manilius Astronomica.


In Chapter 2 – The Angles: Significance of Egyptian Solar Philosophy the author presents the angles in relation with an Egyptian theory which sees the Sun in his daily cycle like a man in his life, marked by events like birth (represented by the Ascendant), maturity (MC), death (Descendant) and Underworld (IC). With this background image, Deborah Houlding depicts the characteristics for each angle: the Imum Caelum (IC) and 4th house shows our origin, family, home, ancestors, roots; the Ascendant and 1st house represents our life, appearance, basic character, health, will, vitality; the Midheaven and 10th house shows our social status, reputation, how we manifest in the public world; the Descendant and 7th house shows our opponents, partners, last years of life. The interpretations made to the four angles have some differences from the general modern view, for example: the Ascendant represents also the basic character and the Descendat, being the place where the Sun "dies", has a much more bad reputation than nowadays, in modern astrology, symbolizing the final years of life, death, enemies. About the 4th house, I saw that signifies sometimes the father, sometimes the mother, generally the parents, but I agree more with the explanation given by Robert Hand who associates the 4th house with the "mothering process" in his book Essays on Astrology

An interesting aspect is that after every house presentation there is a little box named The house association through history where are presented different views of the house from 6 sources: Manilius, Others (classical), Firmicus, Al-Biruni, Lilly and Modern.


Chapter 3 – Aspects & Gates: The 2nd/8th House Axis starts with the author attempt to convince astrologers to stop trying to demonstrate that all the houses are good and to accept that are good, favorable houses and bad, weak houses (traditional astrology principle). For example:


"The 8th house remains the house of death, loss and grief, no matter how pleasantly we wrap that up in digestible phrases such as personal – transformation."


Generally, the bad houses (2, 6, 8, 12) are those which don’t make a major aspect with the Ascendant, which don’t see his light. She analyzes the second/eight house axis showing that the 8th house has no relation with sex or pregnancy, which belongs to the 5th house, and the 2nd house is not so favorable how is seen today because she has no aspect with the Ascendant. 


In Chapter 4 – Planetary Joys: The 5th/11th House Axis the author writes about the planetary sect (find out more here), a very important subject in traditional astrology, and presents the planetary "joys". A planetary "joy" is the house where a planet rejoice, equivalent of the zodiac domicile for houses. The planetary joys are: Mercury in the 1st house, Moon in the 3rd house, Venus in the 5th house, Mars in the 6th house, Sun in the 9th house, Jupiter in the 11th house and Saturn in the 12th house. Then, Deborah Houlding presents the 5th and 11th houses in strong connection with the planets Venus and Jupiter, planets which rejoice there: the 5th house is the area of love, children, pleasure, games, pregnancy and the 11th house represents friends, hope, happiness, benefactors.  


In Chapter 5 – The King and Queen: The 3rd/9th House Axis the author uses the same method like in previous chapter, deriving the explanations for the houses from the planets which rejoice there. She demonstrates how the characteristics of the 3rd house (messages, short journeys, letters, travelers) can be likened more easily with the Moon than with Mercury and the associates the couple 9th house and the Sun with religion, faith, revelation, long journeys, philosophy.


Chapter 6 – Cadency & Decline: The 6th/12th House Axis presents two of the most difficult houses, 6th and 12th. The author finds 3 reasons for the bad lore associated with those houses: they are cadent, don’t aspect the Ascendant and are rules by t
he malefic planets Mars (6th house) and Saturn (12th house). Then, she presents the general characteristics for the houses, not very different from what is accepted nowadays: the 6th house governs disease, health problems, hard work, poorly rewarded work, small beasts, pets while the 12th house governs imprisonment, disgrace, infirmity, hidden activity or secret enemies. 


Cosmic Influences on Human Behavior


cosmic influences bookMichel Gauquelin (1928-1991) was a French psychologist and statistician who wrote several books which represent the most important scientific support that astrology has received up to the present. Through his astrological-statistical studies he proved that the position of planets at birth is linked with one’s destiny. During his life, Gauquelin’s researches, especially “The Mars Effect”, stirred up many debates in the scientific community. In 1976 the Belgian Committee PARA confirmed the results obtained by Michel Gauquelin with “The Mars Effect”, but rejected the interpretations of the results, while in 1982 The French Committee for the Study of Paranormal Phenomena took a new research on 1066 French athletes, didn’t accepted Gauquelin’s observation about centering the study to important champions not ordinary athletes, and showed that “The Mars Effect” does not exist. The war between science and astrology generated another episode, but this time astrology was closer than ever


After 20 may 1991, when he committed suicide, his work was continued by his first wife, Francois Gauquelin, Andre Barbault and other astrologers. He was a pioneer in astrological research, one who let us a valuable legacy which can be used like a model in our way to prove that astrology not only works, but is by herself a science. His most representative book is Cosmic Influences on Human Behavior, published in 1985 by Aurora Press.


Chapter 1. Is the Universe Astrological represents an introduction for the rest of the book which treats the relation between Cosmos and humans.


Chapter 2. The Return of the Planets presents some discoveries made in the mid-1900s about the radio waves and magnetic tails. Also a little story about the life of Louis XVI, the “Sun King”, which ends with the question “Had the planet Jupiter rising at birth an effect on his life?”. The answer in the next chapters! 


In Chapter 3. The Gold Nugget the author explains the statistical method he used, how he divided the natal chart in 36 sectors – Gauquelin sectors – and the first anomaly discovered in his studies: in the charts of famous doctors Mars and Saturn is rising or culminating more often than regular. In this chapter we find a principle characteristic for all his research activity: the most important planetary positions in natal charts are the areas between 0-30 degrees before the Ascendant and MC, namely the Gauquelin sector 1-3 and 10-12.


Chapter 4. The Stars and Success begins with two new concepts for astrologers: slack and busy hours. Busy hours are that period of time when a planetary position (for example Mars in near the Ascendant) is found more often that theoretically should be found and slack hours are the reverse. The research made by Gauquelin shows that appear important correlations between the planetary positions and the profession of successful people. The differences appear mainly in Gauquelin sectors 1,2,3 and 10,11,12 which falls in houses 12 and 9(!), if we use the most common house systems, except Whole Sign Houses. This is an important observation.

Then we can see the results, which are really interesting: busy hours before Ascendant and MC is found for the Moon on writers and politicians, for Jupiter on politicians, actors, journalists and soldiers, for Mars on soldiers, champions athletes, business executives and doctors, for Saturn on doctors and scientists. Slack hours before angles is found for the Moon on soldiers, sportive champions, for Jupiter on doctors and scientists, for Mars on musicians, painters and writers, for Saturn on doctors, journalists, painters and writers. Those statistical results validates the astrological lore associated with these planets. Another important note by Gauquelin tells that those results are found only on important, well-known people from those professions, not on ordinary people!    

Chronology of the Astrology of the Middle East and the West by Period


Chronology_of_astrology.jpgChronology of the Astrology of the Middle East and the West by Period is a booklet of 38 pages wrote by Robert Hand and published by A.R.H.A.T. in 1998.


In the Preamble the author reveals that the purpose of this booklet is to:


"give a rough idea of the times and order of major developments in the history of astrology, a list of major astrologers, and events in the historical background."


The book is divided in 2 parts: the first one is a chronological list with the most important events for astrology (from 15000 B.C.E. to 1770 C.E.) associated with brief descriptions and the second part is an extended version of an essay about astrology history.


There the author presents his point of view about the origins of horoscopic astrology:


"astrology as we know it came into being only once in time and in one place; the place is Mesopotamia (roughly modern Iraq)"


The first birthcharts were created by Chaldeans (late Babylonians) and the oldest one, written in cuneiform, dates from April 29, 410 B.C.E. Then, astrology developed very fast in Egypt and Mesopotamia and, until 1 century C.E., quite possibly several centuries earlier, the entire apparatus of horoscopic astrology was in place. In the final part of the essay the author presents his opinions about the origin of Hindu astrology and the improvements brought by Arab astrology




Conclusion. It is a very useful book for those who want to read about the most important events in the early history of astrology. You will understand where astrology first appeared, how it started, what happened in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece or Persia. It is not a complete, comprehensive history, it is for those who want to get in touch with the subject and to understand the main ideas, events. If you want to learn the history of astrology this booklet is a very good place to start with. My evaluation is 7,95.




Eclipses Predicting World Events & Personal Transformation


eclipses.jpgCeleste Teal is an American astrologer from Phoenix who published in 2006 Eclipses – Predicting World Events & Personal Transformation, one of the few books about eclipses. The book is structured in 3 parts and an appendix which will be presented below. An interesting fact is that from the 275 pages of the book the appendix (eclipses data and national charts) has 113 pages!


Part 1 – The Hidden Power & Message of an Eclipse

Chapter 1 – The Mysterious Dragon’s Head & Tail explains the differences between eclipses formed at the North Lunar Node or South Lunar Node. The energy of the North Node is considered more materialistic, lustful and that from South Node like a "payback time", more difficult, hard to manage. Mainly it is the general view which place difficulties on SN and success, new challenges, benefits on NN.


In Chapter 2 – The Lord of an Eclipse the author analyzes the effects of an eclipse in each zodiacal sign. The ruler of the sign becomes the lord of the eclipse and gives additional information. Only if a planet is closer than 3 degrees from the eclipse will become the lord of the eclipse. You’ll find a complete range of manifestations, events possible to happen for every sign and the general characteristics for every triplicity (fire, air, earth). It is a simple and useful chapter.


In Chapter 3 – The Secret Life of an Eclipse Celeste Teal writes about the length of the eclipse and the important transits over the place marked by eclipse. The general accepted theory says that an hour of shadow becomes a year of effects for a Sun eclipse and a month of effects for a Moon eclipse. Celeste agrees with the first part but makes a big difference for the Moon eclipse where she observed, from her practical experience, that should be used the same algorithm, an year for an hour. It is a very interesting point of view that should be verified by all astrologers who analyzes eclipses. About the important transits, the main idea is that Mars activates the eclipse and Saturn by conjunction or opposition stops her effects.


Chapter 4 – Planetary Stimulation to an Eclipse presents the influences of planetary transits over the eclipse degree, especially Mars an Saturn. The planets will bring in scene their well-known characteristics, it is nothing outstanding here.


In Chapter 5 – Rating an Eclipse for Power the author indicates which factors are more important to rate the power of eclipses. For example a placement in the first degree of Aries, Cancer, Libra or Capricorn, the conjunction with planets from a national natal chart, other planets placed within 3 degrees from the eclipse means that the power is increased. Again, normal observations that must be considered when someone analyzes an eclipse.


Part 2 Eclipses & World Events: Past, Present and Future

Chapter 6 – The Impact of Eclipses upon National Figures is a discussion about the natal chart of United States of America and the White House. In Chapter 7 – Rare Predictions & JFK the author presents the eclipses which took place near the date of JFK assassination and explain the meaning. In Chapter 8 – The New Millennium Eclipse Timeline Celeste Teal presents several eclipses which happened between 1998-2004 and link them with events. Chapter 9 – Eclipses, the Stock Market & World Trade shows the relation of eclipses with the financial markets, but only for USA. Chapter 10 – Surprises & Twists 2007-2015 makes brief predictions for some eclipses. Chapter 11 – The Powerful Eclipse from 2020 give some guidelines and opinions about the 2020 eclipse.


Almost all the eclipses analyzed in this part are related with the national chart or leaders of the USA so, for a person who has no links with USA won’t be very interesting.


Part 3 Eclipses: Your Personal Cosmic Telegrams

In Chapter 12 – An Eclipse and You are some introductory words. Chapter 13 – Your Evolving Soul & Your Prenatal Eclipses presents the meanings of the NN in your natal chart. Chapter 14 – Eclipses as Guideposts on your Life Journey presents the differences between a Solar and Lunar eclipse and NN and NS one. I think are pretty well explained.


Chapter 15 – Preparing for your Special Personal Eclipse presents the detailed interpretations for every natal planet which can be eclipsed. It is one of the most useful and interesting parts of the book, for example:


"An eclipse to your Moon often announces new domestic conditions and changes involving family members. For a time, relationships with women come into higher focus that usual. […] There may be a birth in the family, or the health of the mother may be a concern."


Chapter 16 – Real People & their Eclipse Stories presents about 30 examples of events generated by eclipses for various people. It is the part that I liked most. Just real people, real events – this is often the best way to learn.


The last part of t
he book is the Appendix which is very useful because has all the eclipses between 2000-2015 with additional details like important planetary transits or power rating, the eclipses between 1999-2012 with a short commentary for each one, many national charts with the important eclipses for each-one and a simple table with the eclipses between 1900-2054. Now, I think everyone considers this appendix really good in practice.




Conclusion. It is a book that makes a good symbiosis between theory and practice, even if the practical part is too focused on the USA which becomes boring for non-Americans.

It is a simple and clear book, easy to read and to understand. Do not present complicated algorithms or ideas, instead the text is elaborated around the well-known, simple astrological principles used for eclipses. The book has the quality to collect all those principles in one place, to explain them and show how are applied in practice.

I have only one question for the author: where is the Saros cycle? My evaluation is 7,9.