8.    1861 – 1881, 18 Virgo – first conjunction  on 21 October 1861

 
- Germany is born under this cycle
– free exchange is dominating in Europe

 

a)    First conjunction (1861 – 1862) – Jupiter conjunct Saturn in Virgo

- Victor Emanuel II became in 1861 the first king of a united Italy since the 6th century
– in France is adopted a liberal constitution (1861)
– in Russia, the reform of 1861, amounted to the liquidation of serf dependence

 

b)    First square (1866 – 1867) – Jupiter in Aquarius square Saturn in Scorpio

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c)    Opposition (1870 – 1872) – Jupiter in Gemini (Cancer) opposes Saturn in Sagittarius (Capricorn)

- the Franco-German War, a conflict between the Second French Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, ended with a clear victory for Prussia and brought the final unification of Germany (1871) under King Wilhelm I of Prussia.

 

d)    Second square (1875 – 1877) – Jupiter in Scorpio (Sagittarius) square Saturn in Aquarius (Pisces)

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9.    1842 – 1861, 9 Capricorn – first conjunction  on 26 January 1842


– victory for liberalism

 

a)    First conjunction (1841 – 1842) – Jupiter conjunct Saturn in Capricorn

- liberalism begins to develop in Europe starting from England with Treaty of London (1841), convention of Detroit (1841) and the beginning of free exchange (1842)
– national movements take place in Italy (1839), the small German states, Poland (1842), Austria (1843)

 

b)    First square (1845 – 1847) – Jupiter in Taurus (Gemini) square Saturn in Aquarius (Pisces)

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c)    Opposition (1850 – 1852) – Jupiter in Libra (Scorpio) opposes Saturn in Aries (Taurus)

- Europe is transformed as in many areas the national cause is supported: Napoleon III came in France (1851), Victor Emanuel II in Italy (1849), the small German states reunification issue appear as Austria and Prussia trying to dominate them

 

d)    Second square (1856 – 1857) – Jupiter in Pisces (Aries) square Saturn in Gemini (Cancer)

-    a treaty of commerce is signed in 1860 between France and England, also other commercial treaties are signed, the free exchange will dominate Europe for the next cycle

 

10.    1821 – 1842, 25 Aries – first conjunction  on 19 June 1821


– from The Holy Alliance to liberalism

 

a)    First conjunction (1821 – 1822) – Jupiter conjunct Saturn in Aries

- the influence of The Holy Alliance, a bastion against democracy, revolution, and secularism, was predominant in Europe;

- The Congress of Troppau (1820), Laibach (1821) and Verona (1822) were organised in that period;
– at the semisquare aspect, in 1824, The Holy Alliance must accept a defeat when Unites States approve The Monroe Doctrine (1823) and the new states from Latin America must be recognised as independent; 
– sextile (1824 – 1825), Charles X became King of France

 

b)    First square (1825 – 1827) – Jupiter in Virgo (Libra) square Saturn in Gemini (Cancer)

- appear the first crises with the forces which oppose to the established order

 

c)    Opposition (1831 – 1833) – Jupiter in Aquarius (Pisces) opposes Saturn in Leo (Virgo)

- the opposition of 1831 – 1832 is difficult to distinguish from the conjunctions of Jupiter – Neptune and Jupiter – Uranus from 1830 – 1831. It is a period marked by liberalism and movements of independence: the revolutionary wave of 1830 – 1831, the independence of Belgium (1831), the autonomy of Serbia (1830), defeats for the old regimes in Portugal, Spain Switzerland

 

d)    Second square (1836 – 1837) – Jupiter in Cancer (Leo) square Saturn in Libra (Scorpio)

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11.    1802 – 1821,  5 Virgo – first conjunction  on 18 July 1802


- from Napoleon to The Holy Alliance
 – 4 cycles starts from 1802 to 1805: Jupiter – Saturn, Jupiter – Uranus, Jupiter – Neptune and Saturn – Uranus, so in this period it is hard to distinguish the predominant influence of one cycle

 

a)    First conjunction (1801 – 1802) – Jupiter conjunct Saturn in Virgo (Leo)

- Napoleon starts to impose a political order (1802) which will show his maximum power (after that a quick fall) in a period of 3 years at the half of the cycles: oppositions Jupiter – Neptune and Jupiter – Uranus in 1810 – 1811, opposition Jupiter – Saturn in 1811 – 1812.  

 

b)    First square (1807 – 1808) – Jupiter in Aquarius square Saturn in Scorpio

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c)    Opposition (1811 – 1812) – Jupiter in Gemini (Cancer) opposes Saturn in Sagittarius (Capricorn)

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d)    Second square (1815 – 1817) – Jupiter in Scorpio (Sagittarius) square Saturn in Aquarius (Pisces)

- after the fall of Napoleon, The Holy Alliance was created in 1815 by United Kingdom, Russia, Austria and Prussia to conserve the old system and prevent revolutionary movements.

 

Work in progress.