The Muses in Greek mythology are the goddesses who inspire the creation of literature and the arts. Originally said to be three in number, by the Classical times of the 400s BC, their number had grown and become set at nine goddesses who embody the arts and inspire the creation process with their graces through remembered and improvised song and stage, writing, traditional music, and dance. According to Hesiod’s Theogony, they were daughters of Zeus, the second generation king of the gods, and the offspring of Mnemosyne, goddess of memory. The nine Muses are: Calliope (the ‘beautiful of speech’), Clio (the ‘glorious one’), Erato (the ‘amorous one’), Euterpe (the ‘well-pleasing’), Melpomene (the ‘chanting one’), Polyhymnia (the ‘[singer] of many hymns’), Terpsichore (the ‘[one who] delights in dance’), Thalia (the ‘blossoming one’) and Urania (the ‘celestial one’).
Urania is the muse of astronomy and astrology. She is usually depicted as having a globe in her left hand. She is able to foretell the future by the arrangement of the stars. She is dressed in a cloak embroidered with stars and keeps her eyes and attention focused on the Heavens. Those who are most concerned with philosophy and the heavens are dearest to her.
The asteroid Urania (discovered 1854) is named after this muse.