The Book of World Horoscopes


world_horoscopes.jpgNicholas Campion, born 4 march 1953 in Bristol, England, is a historian and astrologer who acquired great popularity especially by his studies on mundane astrology. His most appreciated work is "The Book of World Horoscopes" for which he won the 1992 Marc Edmund Jones Award. He also wrote another excellent book "Mundane Astrology" with Charles Harvey and Michael Baigent. The Book of World Horoscopes was first published in 1988, then, revised and reprinted many times. The current edition is from 2004.


Introduction. The national horoscope: astronomy, politics and ritual

In this part the author presents his vision about mundane astrology from which I would like to mark 5 interesting quotes:


1. A short history of the evolution of mundane astrology, pointing out the moment when national charts became the most important instrument:


"Prior to 1939 most mundane prediction proceeded via the simple use of ingress and lunation charts cast for the capital cities of the countries under consideration. […] Mundane astrology met its crisis in 1939 when its leading exponents failed to predict the outbreak of the second world war. Charles Carter was insistent that there would be no war, and in 1936 was quoted to this effect in the London Times. […] Any opinion expressed by him achieved widespread currency and it is likely that he profoundly influenced other astrologers in their erroneous and deeply embarrassing reading of Hitler’s nativity. […] Carter’s own response to his failure was to argue that the national map, or horoscope, should henceforth be dominant in all mundane work. Lunation and ingress map, he decreed, were almost useless unless they showed prominent angular planets."


2. The relation between mundane astrology and the collective mind as is seen from Plato to Jung:


"The concept of a group soul or psyche is well accepted within Platonic tradition, but was given its most recent form by Jung. Essentially Jung argued that any group of people, from married couple through family to nation and the entire human race, has a collective mind which is deeper, and potentially more powerful than, the individual mind. […] Jung’s theory of the collective unconscious, with its archetypes, is essentially a restatement of the Platonic belief that the superior, intangible, Ideal world of Being containing the Ideal Forms (or archetypes), manifests through the material world of Becoming (which we inhabit). The world of Becoming may be seen as a shadow of the world of Being, in which physical reality is shaped by ideas. […] These beliefs are known as Idealist because they elevate consciousness -the realm of ideas- to a position of greater importance than matter."


3. The problem of choosing the right horoscope, the significant moment and the difference between natural and judicial (divinatory) astrology:


"What do horoscopes signify? The question we pose of various national horoscopes should therefore be not "is this the correct horoscope?" but "what is the significance of this horoscope?". What does it signify? The notion of the true and false horoscope is as rigid a straightjacket as the idea that countries have birth charts. If divinatory astrology is a language, dealing with signs, it follows that significance should be the primary means of judging whether a particular horoscope is relevant or not. Firstly, the historical event for which the horoscope is cast should be significant. Secondly the planetary picture within the horoscope should itself be significant. And both historical and astrological significance can only be judged by the mundane astrologers. That is, there is no horoscopic mundane astrology independent of the astrologer’s ability to select, discriminate and judge."


4. How to choose the right time in mundane astrology:


"Around the time that Mundane Astrology was in preparation, I agreed with Michael Baigent’s hypothesis that the "beginning of the period of taking the power" is the critical moment for which a national horoscope should be set, a principle which it seemed, could be applied with apparent simplicity to events such as coups d’etat or revolutions. However, on closer study it became clear that in different circumstances, the middle or the final culmination of the coup could be as critical. The hypothesis shifted in favour of the critical moment being that at which the balance of power passes irrevocably from the old order to the new."


5. The importance of clear, precise sources:


"This book is more that a collection of horoscopes. It is part of an attempt to bring a reconciliation between astrological and historical studies based on equal respect for the practices and assumptions and world view of both. It is part of an investigation into an arcane and neglected item in the historian’s armoury."


National Horoscopes

Here, on 365 pages, are presented 403 national horoscopes, everyone having a brief historical report. Many countries have two or more national horoscopes, corresponding to the important moments of their histo
ry. As the author said, there is no such "birth chart" for a country, but a succession of important/transforming moments.



There is also an important section at the final part of the book, filled with 12 appendixes, where are presented charts for political parties, towns and cities, stock markets, European Union, Euro, conflicts, wars, Medieval Europe, Yalta Conference, Berlin Wall, Hiroshima bombardment, first powered flight, religions eras, discovery of Uranus, Neptune, Pluto, Chiron etc.




Conclusion. It is, obviously, the most comprehensive and trustworthy work to date about national horoscopes. The author presents the horoscopes for several important moments in every country history and even 2-3 horoscopes for the same event, when the precise moment is not sure. He emphasize the aspect of data accuracy and gives detailed references for the horoscopes presented. The book is very well documented, but as he recognised there must be done further research for the countries from Eastern Europe and Latin America. My evaluation is 8,5.

Mundane Astrology

Mundane Astrology – An Introduction to Astrology of Nations and Groups, published for the first time in 1984, is a comprehensive book of 523 pages, written by Michael Baigent, Nicholas Campion and Charles Harvey. Nicholas Campion is also the author of The Book of World Horoscopes and The Practical Astrologer, while Charles Harvey, a former president of the Astrological Association, is the co-author of Working with Astrology.   


The authors start with an invitation to use mundane astrology, named Forward, where mundane astrology is presented as a valuable instrument, with which they successfully predicted major events like the death of Brezhnev from November 1982, the death of Yury Andropov from February 1984, the dissolution of the Soviet Union from 1989, the progress of Spain from the late 80’s, the Pakistan military coup from 6 August 1990 etc. It is quite impressive and succeeds in making the readers interested about the book and anxious to find out how the authors made so many accurate predictions.


Part 1 – The Background

Chapter 1 – The Development of Mundane Astrology from the Babylonians to the Arabs is a very well documented essay about the early history of astrology starting from Mesopotamia through Greece, Egypt, Persia, Italy, until the Arabic world. The specific context of each period and area in which astrology developed is described in detail using plenty of historical, social, political and philosophical arguments. 


Chapter 2 – The History of Mundane Astrology in Europe presents the evolution of astrology, mainly in the medieval era, marked by different periods of ups and downs like the regression from the 5-8 centuries AD caused by the rise of Christianity, the flourishing period from the 16-19 centuries which started in the 8th century in France, in the reign of Charlemagne, or the restrictive period from the 16-19 centuries AD started with the Church Reformation initiated by Luther which created a more and more difficult climate for astrology. The overall conclusion is that astrology played an important role being used by the most important people in almost every period.  


In Chapter 3 – Mundane Astrology and the Collective, Michael Baigent uses the Jungian terms collective unconscious and archetype (pattern of emotional and mental behaviour) to explain the psychology of masses and to give some advices about how a mundane chart can work. His conclusions, after this impressive chapter, are:


"1. The mass can act as an individual. 2. The mass is more fated than an individual. 3. Natal and mundane astrology bear the same relationship to each other as do the individual and the mass – they are at the opposite ends of the same spectrum. 4. A state is a expression of the mass, usually centered about a leadership. 5. The birth time of a state is that point when the new leadership takes power."



In Chapter 4 – The National Horoscope: Mundane Astrology and Political Theory, Nicholas Campion presents different theories used to determine the appropriate time when a state is created and the natal chart can be erected.


Part 2 – The Material

In Chapter 5 – The Great Year the author shows how different cultures computed the Great Year which is the Year of the Universe. The first was the Assyrian Great Year of 12.960.000 years, then the Platonic Great Year of 36.000 years, the Arabic Great Year of 360.000 years, the Indian, European and Precessional year. Different cultures, different techniques. The only thing which is sure is that we won’t find the answer in this life. Let’s pass to the next chapter. 


Chapter 6 – Cycles in Practice

In the first part of the chapter The Concept of Cycles the author explains why cycles hold such an important place in philosophy and astrology. Starting with Plato and finishing with John Addey, the parent of harmonics in astrology, cycles were fundamental to understanding life and time, or, better expressed, the space-time relation. In astrology a conjunction is the beginning of a cycle, a trine is a phase of harmony in the cycle, an opposition represents the fruit which was promised at the beginning. In life a breath is a cycle, night and day are cycles, a year is a cycle, everything is formed by cycles.